Morocco has always been an inspiring, exotic land shrouded in attraction and mystery. Located in the north of Africa, The Kingdom of Morocco had been infused with Spanish, French and British influences. Its cities, such as Tangier, Casablanca and Fez, all have a colorful history, contrasting with the natural landscape of sea, mountains, greenery and desert. The large country, just across from Spain, straddles both the Mediterranean and Atlantic, with many different climates from coastal to arid. Indeed, the northern part of the country has a purely Mediterranean climate, while the deserts are extreme and the Atlas Mountains are cool and fresh. This gives rise to very interesting biodiversity, including a record number of fauna and flora.
Over the millennia, Arabs, Phoenicians, Africans and Iberians all contributed to the mix of people, as well as Romans in later years. Important Phoenician settlements include Chellah, Lixus and Mogador – a civilization that was then superseded by the Romans. By the fifth century, when the Roman Empire was in decline, the Visigoths, Vandals and Byzantines left their influences, although most of the mountains stayed in Berber hands. Islam reached Morocco in the 7th century with successive Arab dynasties, bringing with it an intricate civilization and heritage. More than a thousand years later in the 18th century, the French and British jointly controlled the country leaving traces of their culture as well.